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About Yogyakarta


Yogyakarta or Jogjakarta, Yogya or Jogja no matter how people call it, all refers to a city with its unique and rich culture which attracts people to visit it.

The city is founded in 1755, marked by the establishment of Sultan Kingdom, with its first king Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I. As an old city, many archaeological sites are found in Yogyakarta and its surrounding. They are not only from 18th century but also from previous centuries. In 16th century Yogyakarta was the center of Mataram Islam Kingdom while further back in 8th century it was the center of civilization influenced by Hinduism and Buddhism. It can be seen from the temples found in Siwa Plateau (Prambanan, Ratu Boko, Kalasan, and surrounding area).

During the independence war, Yogyakarta played a major role in independence process of Indonesia. Many national heroes who were born in Yogyakarta like Ki Hajar Dewantara, K.H Ahmad Dahlan, Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX and many more gave major contribution to the nation. One of the most important events recorded here was Surprise Attack on 1 March 1949. Yogyakarta was also the capital of Indonesia during 1946-1949. Moreover, the city has long been famous as an Education City as many students from all around Indonesia and even from abroad come here to study.

As the center of culture and art, Yogyakarta provides many accesses to experience Javanese culture through art performances like classical dance, puppet show and many others. Traditional values and Javanese culture are best kept as a basic capital in developing the city in the future especially to be one of main tourist destination in Indonesia.


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